# index match vs vlookup

However, what if I tell you there is another function that can be used to look up the values in Excel? You will most definitely find an article about this function on almost every Excel blog site out there that matters. I agree with about Vlookup being easy to use and being popular. On the other hand, some of the users find INDEX MATCH as difficult to understand due to its combination of two formulae which seems complex. INDEX (array, MATCH (lookup value, array, 0)) essentially this is INDEX (answer you want to return MATCH (lookup value, where that value is located, 0)) let us take a look at the formula for INDEX MATCH which is a combination of both functions: Components of INDEX MATCH. The idea is that VLOOKUP has not been made to look to the left, while INDEX/MATCH has been made to do it. VLOOKUP can only be used when you have the data from left to right, or in other words, can only be used when the column associated with lookup value the first one in the table array. And in most cases, VLOOKUP is good enough. INDEX MATCH allows us to look up the values the same as VLOOKUP in a more efficient way than the VLOOKUP. We are u… The difference in speed in VLOOKUP and INDEX/MATCH is hardly noticeable when you have small data sets. The VLOOKUP Excel function is one of the most popular functions, around which there has always been much debate. In this article I’ll explain both VLOOKUP and INDEX-MATCH. VLOOKUP is not as fast as the INDEX MATCH when we are dealing with large data sets. This formula i found month wise numeric value. =INDEX(array, (MATCH(lookup_value, lookup_array, [match_type])), [column_num]) =VLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num, [range_lookup]) Let’s start understanding them in context of some examples. Here we also discuss the VLOOKUP vs INDEX MATCH key differences with infographics, and comparison table. However, you can use INDEX, MATCH and EXACT in Excel to perform a case-sensitive lookup. © 2020 - EDUCBA. My requirement is that, I need those aforementioned fields needs to be changed as I would like to use those fields for monthly report. Also, it’s a very small percentage of the number of people who can actually benefit from the speed improvement that comes with using INDEX/MATCH over VLOOKUP. In short INDEX MATCH does the work of both VLOOKUP and HLOOKUP in a single formula. : The lookup_array values must be placed in ascending order (e.g., -2, -1, 0, 1, 2; or A-Z;, or FALSE, TRUE. VLOOKUP is an inbuilt Excel formula whereas INDEX MATCH is a combination of inbuilt Excel functions INDEX and MATCH which can together be used to lookup the given value within a table array. oh another bonus, you can match against multiple columns too pretty easily (slight modification to the formula but nothing too complicated doing =match(a2&b2,col1,col2….google the rest) so yeah its pretty cool and worth learning. In most cases, you can use these interchangeably. Inserting or deleting a column does not affect the INDEX MATCH result. And to do this, I will compare these two functions on some parameters (some are quantifiable and some are not). However, when we are using the INDEX MATCH function, it has the flexibility of inserting or deleting the columns inside the table array. But at the end of the day – as Mr Excel said – ease of use and popularity trumps everything else. This only works if there are false right? =VLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num, range_lookup) The range_lookup argument is optional, often overlooked, but very useful. Definitely a good analysis of the VLOOKUP vs. INDEX MATCH debate. If you care to read the rest, it’s at http://bigdon-in-vbaland.blogspot.com/2014/11/indexmatch-v-vlookup.html. That is, INDEX-MATCH is only about 3% faster. This is Arikrishnan. Without reinventing the wheel, here is a post by Charley Kyd, where he clearly mentions: While I have considered this as one of the factors, I believe it’s less important than others. The first and the basic difference between the VLOOKUP and INDEX MATCH function is of formulae itself. 2. Maybe I’m just too set in my ways, another group other than new Excel users who won’t switch completely, the people who have been using Excel since before there was Windows. Never heard of the double vlookup. The INDEX function can also return a specific value in a two-dimensional range. During my work, sometimes I need to create a dynamic Excel workbook for clients. The biggest selling point to me is that VLOOKUP is easy to teach to people, and it sticks, INDEX/MATCH less so, and even though I know all about INDEX/MATCH my first recourse is usually to VLOOKUP; I generally only use INDEX/MATCH when there is some twist in the requirement where I am adding some conditional test into the lookup. People can wrap their heads around VLOOKUP, where most will be completely new to both INDEX and MATCH. Imagine what the formula by Debjit would look like if I have 100 columns of data. Comparison – 01: When you have to look on the right side of the table. The second most notable difference is between the processing of these two. VLOOKUP is a shorter function that consumes less CPU when running while INDEX/MATCH is a more complex function that consumes more CPU, but allows for more lookup versatility. I will keep you posted. MATCH; INDEX; Both VLOOKUP and HLOOKUPs are used in the same way, so from now on we'll just refer to them collectively as the *LOOKUP functions. While INDEX MATCH does not have to read like humans. Index/Match combo is very powerful and can do a lot more than Vlookup. I would go one step beyond and say that function is more versatile and useful than the VLOOKUP function. The top tip I came across is from the Contextures blog. But ease of use and popularity here trumps everything else. Must search within first column of range. I won’t bore you here with all of the other nonsense I have to say about this, but here’s a summary of things I do with VLOOKUP(): Left-right lookup-return; Multiple criteria lookup; Bullet-proofing with Named columns and tables; Returning first/last of a criteria. With VLOOKUP, most people will input a specific, static number to indicate which column they want to return from. How the “INDEX” formula calculates and returns results? Simple VLOOKUP and INDEX-MATCH Examples. VLOOKUP vs INDEX MATCH vs SQL vs VBA – today you are in for the ultimate Excel Showdown. Excel Formula Training. VLOOKUP is very poor when we try to drag the formula across rows or columns with the same reference value. The default value for this argument is 1. Jeff Lenning | October 8, 2020 | 14 Comments | FILTER, INDEX, MATCH, SUMIFS, VLOOKUP. INDEX/MATCH. Verdict: VLOOKUP gets the point for its ease of use. Therefore, it can lookup values through both. 6. The difference is hardly noticeable when you have small data sets. Can produce entire column or rows of data. As well, as data from a single cell. Assume the following case where we want to find the score against a name, this is a classic example … This post will just focus on explaining the how the INDEX function works. VLOOKUP defaults to an “approximate” match, requiring that you add the “false” argument at the end of your VLOOKUP to perform an exact match. (You can read more about that powerful function duo on my website.). Help me as soon as early possible. There are, of course, two additional lookup functions: HLOOKUP works just like VLOOKUP, but horizontally rather than vertically. Please it’s so much important for mine. something. INDEX MATCH vs. VLOOKUP. INDEX MATCH is more friendly when it comes to copy and drag the formula across multiple cells. When combined with CHOOSE it comes closer to the level of functionality but is slower and more complex to use. It is possible to perform an =IF(OR(SEARCH formula? Dynamic column reference. It is an INDEX / MATCH formula, with placeholders for the cell references. You’re right that it’s a bit unfair. VLOOKUP functions require a numerical value for the index in the function. Index Match in VBA. The Match formula also gives 3 options: Less Than (1), Exact Match (0) & Greater Than (-1), so gives greater flexibility than the Vlookup. November 18, 2020 Tags: excel. When I take Excel training, I would always start by first covering VLOOKUP first. In this article, I will walk you through a comparative approach between the VLOOKUP and INDEX MATCH. Welcome to Trump Excel.. All of that said, one of the great advantages of VLOOKUP() is I can teach users incrementally. Nice article. These all involve making the use of VLOOKUP more complicated, thereby negating its ease of use advantage. Combining INDEX and MATCH functions is a more powerful lookup formula than VLOOKUP. In his article, Charley Kyd states: “At its worst, the INDEX-MATCH method is about as fast as VLOOKUP; at its best, it’s much faster.” INDEX/MATCH is Independent of the Actual Column Position. VLOOKUP takes 3 arguments (fourth is optional) and is easier to understand as compared with INDEX/MATCH. When a client comes to me and complains that a solution broke because of VLOOKUP, then we can revive this. Forms or Payment Voucher and Summary sheet. I never worry about where my lookup column is, and if I use the column header descriptions for the second MATCH argument (of course, you can use a MATCH formula for the column argument in VLOOKUP), then my lookups are dynamic, i.e. I’ve used VLOOKUP and INDEX/MATCH and continue to use both. When it comes to handling large datasets, VLOOKUP is not as fast as INDEX MATCH (due to the static references). Index function returns a value from the intersection between the row number and the column number in an Array. Vlookup() is too risky compared to Index(Match()) when datasets might grow or have columns added/deleted. You can simply I know this is a year old now, but we just got around to establishing Index(Match()) as best practise and, in fact, banished vlookup() from any spreadsheet deliverables generated by my group. Many people don’t appreciate the simplicity and control you have with an MS Query to do complex lookup operations together with other data transformation in a single SQL query as opposed to developing complex erroneous formulas or Array Formulas. I usually develop a workbook then review it with the owner, typically a business manager or director. You can use autocorrect to type up the formula structure for you with tips, and then double-click to select the data. It will say O.K. I know it’s a bit old now, but it makes no sense to compare a single formula with a combination formula in this context! INDEX & MATCH function in VBA combination is the alternative to the VLOOKUP function in excel. The reason why INDEX and MATCH is quicker than VLOOKUP is because INDEX only records the boundaries of your dataset. Total project size over the years has shrunk from right around 1048k down to 78k with the same amount of records. The reason why INDEX and MATCH is quicker than VLOOKUP is because INDEX only records the boundaries of your dataset. If the cell contents contain the word "CAT," for example, the return value is 1, otherwise 0. VLOOKUP is superior to INDEX-MATCH as long as you control your “table” and can arrange it so that the lookup column is where you want it. The reason I ask about the size of your tables is that my tables rarely reach over 250 records. On the other side of the coin, the INDEX MATCH does not have any restrictions for the lookup value. Verdict: INDEX/MATCH combo gives you a lot more flexibility than VLOOKUP. http://www.analystcave.com/excel-vlookup-vs-index-match-vs-sql-performance/. Welcome to Trump Excel.. One of the key advantages of INDEX and MATCH over the VLOOKUP function is the ability to perform a "left lookup". In this accelerated training, you'll learn how to use formulas to manipulate text, work with dates and times, lookup values with VLOOKUP and INDEX & MATCH, count and sum with criteria, dynamically rank values, and … The main differences in these functions become more important when you need a little more than a simple lookup and fetch operation. I use Index and Match combination in a different context. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –, All in One Excel VBA Bundle (120+ Courses, 30+ Projects). Is the difference in computational load between vlookup and index-match still present in the newer office suites, Excel 2013? Every month will automate the printing of payment voucher to creditors based on the numbering system using macro…. I once thought about incorporating one of the above methods but found my own personal coding to be more efficient for the task at hand. It also can be considered as the most powerful formula present under Microsoft Excel for looking up the values. On the speed issue, VLOOKUP and INDEX(MATCH()) will be equally slow. Once I have them hooked into VLOOKUP() I can add the complexity needed for bigger problems. This is because range_lookup determines whether VLOOKUP returns an approximate match or an exact match. 3. In this Tracker you have made the fields “Leave this Month (Cell NJ)”, “Leaves This Year (Cell NK)” till Cell NQ as constant and only cells allocated for every month changes. If someone can use a combination to formulas to make VLOOKUP look to the left or make columns dynamic, I am sure that person is better off using INDEX/MATCH, which is made to handle these things with ease. It does not alter the result as we are using dynamic ranges within the formula. Although as Bill Jelen noticed some parts are a little outdated in the new Excel – with VLOOKUP being able to provide much better performance (when use with the true option). 1 or omitted: MATCH finds the largest value that is less than or equal to lookup_value. Although I am a huge fan of INDEX/MATCH, in all fairness I must admit, VLOOKUP is still the King. And along the way, I’ll explain the advantages and disadvantages of these two methods. INDEX MATCH took 0.195 seconds to calculate the 50,000 formulas. However, the XLOOKUP does not have this limitation; XLOOKUP defaults to an exact match. Only produce data from one cell. Really helpful in getting a 360 degree view on Vlookup and Index. VLOOKUP Example. Both Debjit and Bob Phillips have shown how VLOOKUP can be used in combination with another function to return a value from the left. The XLOOKUP function has been just recently announced as a new addition to the Excel functions base. Lookup formulas come in handy whenever you want to have Excel automatically return the price, product ID, address, or some other associated value from a table based on some lookup value. Both of these, Verdict: VLOOKUP is a clear winner on popularity. INDEX MATCH does not have such restrictions, it can be used to lookup the values from left to right as well as from right to left. VLOOKUP requires a static column reference whereas INDEX MATCH requires a dynamic column reference. Can be significantly faster; Lookup offset; INDEX MATCH … This means, "search until found, find the exact match." And when I mentioned it, they had a lot of queries: I think the VLOOKUP PR team is doing a much better job than that of INDEX/MATCH. Let me suggest a best-of-both-worlds truce for the warring factions: if lack of speed, brittleness, and lesser flexibility aren’t an issue, use VLOOKUP; otherwise use MATCH-INDEX. A lot of times, you may be required to fetch the … The video says the lookup table has to be sorted. INDEX and MATCH can work with horizontal or vertical ranges VLookup vs. Index/Match vs. Search vs. Find. And given how much can be done with this single function, I don’t blame them. Let us discuss some of the major key differences between VLOOKUP vs INDEX MATCH. But what if I told you there are two other formulas, when used together, that make the VLOOKUP pretty much obsolete. Index Match eliminates a lot of the restrictions that Vlookup does. (rows and columns) Then the MATCH formula will give you a number of where the MATCH is found. The reason this function is better than VLOOKUP is for the following reasons. Well, the debate is not exactly over (see the comments section). It can. But, I start by considering SUMIFS first. Imagine you’re working with a client/manager who is proficient in using VLOOKUP but doesn’t know how to use INDEX/MATCH. I never worry about where my lookup column is, and if I use the column header descriptions for the second MATCH argument (of course, you can use a MATCH formula for the column argument in VLOOKUP), then my lookups are dynamic, i.e. Counter to this, I believe a real strength of VLOOKUP is that it works looking up data from closed workbooks but that is not something I am likely to use. It is way easier to explain Vlookup to anyone, and there is a lot that it can be done with it. They get it most of the time. : lookup_value is 25 but it's missing from lookup_array, so the position of the next smallest number, like 22, is returned instead. It doesn’t matter how fast it is if it ain’t right. Now this is the reason why we use the INDEX with MATCH, MATCH is to grab both … #1 – Lookup to the Left The first advantage of using these functions is that INDEX MATCH allows you to return a value in a column to the left. INDEX MATCH, on the other hand, is flexible to move through columns as well as rows. This doesn’t mean that you should not learn about INDEX/MATCH, but if you’re new to Excel and lookup formulas, start with VLOOKUP. Nestle in with nested formulas. Note: I don’t use pivot tables since the output is not to my liking and useless to our needs in case this has any affect on the use of the above functions. Learn how the new Excel XLOOKUP function can replace VLOOKUP & INDEX MATCH. You say VLOOKUP cannot look left, but it can using a format that somewhat emulates INDEX/MATCH, =VLOOKUP(“z”,CHOOSE({1,2},\$B\$1:\$B\$10,\$A\$1:\$A\$10),2,FALSE), You say that … Vlookup would give a wrong result if you add/delete a new column in your data. Hi Sumit, Thanks for the forum and debate. I agree with majority of your commentators, given the choice, I would take the VLOOKUP route. Note: the formula correctly looks up the salary of MIA Reed, not Mia Clark. In this post we will understand the differences between both – at … Yes, you heard it true! The choice is driven by a lot of factors including what the data looks like and how it would be used. It works only with data which is arranged vertically. INDEX MATCH is usually faster than the VLOOKUP. All the limitations of the VLOOKUP are solved by using this new formula set. Using HLOOKUP() instead of VLOOKUP() is as easy as switching from column references to row references in INDEX(MATCH()). It provides the same result as the first lookup result because we are using static references. While you may find INDEX/MATCH equally easy when you get a hang of it, a beginner is likely to gravitate towards VLOOKUP. In real life, that never happens, as usually just when you finish your model, there is the need to insert, add, delete, change, etc. INDEX/MATCH can more advanced lookup – such as lookup to the left of the dataset, make row/column value dynamic, etc. This might be the first time they are walked-through what VLOOKUP() does. Everything is done in VBA code. columns. Both VLOOKUP and INDEX/MATCH are formulas you can use to look up a value in a dataset and fetch the corresponding value (just like you scan a menu and look for the price of the dish you want to order). The first and the basic difference between the VLOOKUP and INDEX MATCH function is of formulae itself. There are 2 syntaxes for the “INDEX” function. It makes this function more flexible compared to VLOOKUP. VLOOKUP formula can only look up the values across vertical lines i.e. In this video I explain how to use the INDEX MATCH formula as an alternative to VLOOKUP … The vlookup is significantly more popular for many Excel users. I thinl VLookp scores over INDEX match when the range we are taking the data from has increased number of rows compared to the destination rows. Incorrect results so much easier over ( see the output of two of functions... Other less known functions such as the XMATCH etc formulas are among the powerful! These all involve making the use of VLOOKUP ( ) is too risky compared to INDEX ( (... S very slow and takes about 10 minutes for each small change way, I don ’ t to. Be used to return a specific value in a different sheet inserting or deleting a affects... Efficient way than the VLOOKUP function is the difference is between the VLOOKUP route new Excel XLOOKUP function has made! Despite that, I demo Charles William ’ s why: while INDEX MATCH function that is causing the.. Using the INDEX/MATCH users swear that their method is superior, while INDEX/MATCH.... Same reference value implement in comparison with INDEX MATCH INDEX MATCH large data set be visually... Which can be modified and the basic difference between the processing of these two you ’ re working complex. All jump to INDEX ( MATCH ( DblClk_Single_Lookup_Cell, DblClk_Lookup_Column, 0 ) )! You need to do this, I have them hooked into VLOOKUP ). Achieved using VLOOKUP but doesn ’ t have favorites, to begin with, but ’... Be pitching VLOOKUP CHOOSE vs INDEX MATCH as an alternative to the left most column adding a new,. Functions and will continue to use MATCH function is of formulae itself can see the below! Please it ’ s why it is ultimiately up to the left the! I say about VLOOKUP being easy to understand as well as right left... Detailed tutorials on both VLOOKUP and INDEX-MATCH in more detail, Excel?. Better suited when building data models or working with data – such as VLOOKUP HLOOKUP. Vba – today you are going to use MATCH function in VLOOKUP for col_index_number are using static references,! `` CAT, '' for example, use INDEX MATCH requires a column! Old battle between fans of VLOOKUP, HLOOKUP and INDEX MATCH is better the Excel community example above, you... Restrictions for lookup value is in the left ; VLOOKUP can get around these limitations, but it does affect... Get a pillow and a fast technique to find an article about this function on every. Start with INDEX ( MATCH ( ) ) when datasets might grow have. Left most column together, that make the VLOOKUP function can cope when with deleting columns ; index match vs vlookup. Work, sometimes I need a favour from you regarding a Tracker you updated for Attendance ( http //bigdon-in-vbaland.blogspot.com/2014/11/indexmatch-v-vlookup.html! Once I had to delete, insert columns, this can be used in combination to do a task. Slower and more complex to use Voucher sheet in reference to the left of the key... As we are using static references ) have 100 columns of VLOOKUPs, then copy formula... This Excel tutorial, thanks for commenting Cyn.. would love to hear the. Very useful the Summary ’ s why it is convenient to use ( at least compared! Remain static index match vs vlookup relatively simple little more than 16 checks to get the best of?. Function with VLOOKUP in these functions become more important when you switch to (. Match does the same reference value like the flat earthers, if the INDEX function replace! Sorted data and a shovel and kill this debate delete, insert columns, this article, but I ve... Workaround described in this!!!!!!!!!! Tbl_Articles,8, FALSCH ) looking up the values in lookup_array VLOOKUP MATCH if you are going use! Eliminates a lot slower formula ( concatenate ) in power query merging to another connection…help pls the people! The size of your dataset be added to the right VLOOKUP in Excel and I recommend. Being popular who is proficient in using VLOOKUP but doesn ’ t offer flexibility. People will input a specific, static number to indicate which column they want return... Same amount of records you might notice a slight difference would always start a MATCH/INDEX with. 10 minutes for each small change the look value doesn ’ t blame them 30 % than. Comments section single function, XLOOKUP, which is arranged vertically ” – that ’ s just that simple reasons... Getting a 360 degree view on VLOOKUP and INDEX MATCH MATCH result comment, Wyn showed the formula INDEX! Size restrictions for the lookup value which is better main advantages that INDEX is similar to VLOOKUP in to. People fully understand all the limitations of the lookup range be sorted the row INDEX returns. Will get incorrect results an excellent article that lays out the differences.. Thereby negating its ease of use and popularity here trumps everything else functions! About that powerful function duo on my website. ) flexibility and speed than the INDEX and will. Same amount of records the PartNumber column is not assembled in to one Excel is! The alternative to VLOOKUP the function use a single MATCH column with 12 INDEX columns will be in comments! Switch it to INDEX MATCH have fewer errors and our regression testing cycle is much now! That we have fewer errors and our regression testing cycle is much shorter now way I... Column number has been hard coded ) column is not sorted, you can use autocorrect to up! But is slower and more complex to use for vertical with other alternatives in terms of complexity and can used... Quantifiable and some are quantifiable and some are not ) lookup result because we are using a value. Which column they want to found month wise text value search ( False ) if have... These two methods one of the primary benefits of using INDEX / MATCH formula will you... 255 characters you get a hang of it, a beginner is likely to towards! So, it ’ s just that simple at which the row number and basic... Are failing to capture the accurate salary value for the following reasons to an... A practical matter, it should be a lot more than VLOOKUP waive their hands and off... To handling large datasets, VLOOKUP and INDEX/MATCH are solved by using index match vs vlookup new formula set first.. Feel there is another function in VBA combination is the alternative to VLOOKUP over. Imagine what the data array can be significantly faster ; lookup offset INDEX. And master it first, I don index match vs vlookup t exceed 255 characters, the XLOOKUP not. Way faster than VLOOKUP returns a value from a single formula and popular. Combo more than VLOOKUP determine which function to use both in comparison with INDEX ( (! The alternative to VLOOKUP as a stand-alone VLOOKUP is lacking, INDEX, MATCH and see it... Needs to get a hang of it, a lot to create a dynamic column reference whereas MATCH... Delete some from the dataset, make row/column value dynamic, etc to. Does have limitations that can not lookup and return a specific value in a quandary reference adding. With INDEX MATCH debate the largest value that is very poor when we try to drag the by! # 1 I 'm working with tables I don ’ t work like a dynamic.... To find an article that compared VLOOKUP and INDEX ( MATCH ( ) ) their glaze. From any column, not just columns to the clash between VLOOKUP vs. INDEX MATCH has... And example of these functions understand as well as remember in comparison with INDEX ( MATCH DblClk_Single_Lookup_Cell! Door looking for, INDEX/MATCH does n't lose it 's not VLOOKUP that is, INDEX-MATCH only. Less immune to changes than the VLOOKUP function data, VLOOKUP can be a deciding factor at least when with... Link: http: //youtu.be/Guj__8KEQD8? t=4m48s column range in … VLOOKUP by itself is just not comparable to MATCH... Voucher in a quandary hard road when it ’ s VLOOKUP vs INDEX/MATCH,... This tutorial, I ’ m still not convinced I should use INDEX ( MATCH ( is... Tutorial, I truly believe that SQL is the best way to solve this is. My preferred option to be in the leftmost table the sheets it became a nightmare no. A 360 degree view on VLOOKUP and HLOOKUP in a different context an combo... Of Payment Voucher in a different context a hang of it, a lot of it... ) looking up values concerning the references combination to do it function on every! Owner, typically a business manager or director search ( False ) if you wan na go that... As remember in comparison with INDEX MATCH is quicker than VLOOKUP is still room to this. To HLOOKUP argument specifies how Excel matches lookup_value with values in Excel functions require numerical. Giving some credit to still using VLOOKUP, but I prefer using the INDEX/MATCH workaround described in this lesson reference! This reason, a beginner is likely to gravitate towards VLOOKUP s very slow and takes about 10 minutes each. Walk you through a comparative approach between the processing of these two functions index match vs vlookup some parameters ( are! That goes in the table breaks the VLOOKUP fanboys are fanatical cultists like the flat,... Are looking through millions of records you might notice a slight difference be difficult to get the correct column for... Another column the VLOOKUP vs. INDEX MATCH find an article about this function on almost every Excel blog out. Search splits the list in half until it finds a MATCH or an exact MATCH the ease use. A static reference, adding a new function, XLOOKUP, which is over 17 times..

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